Delong, Ł., Dhaene, J., Barigou, K., 2019, Fair valuation of insurance liability cash-flow streams in continuous time: Theory
Published Paper, 05-03-2019
We investigate fair (market-consistent and actuarial) valuation of insurance liability cash-flow streams in continuous time. We first consider one-period hedge-based valuations, where in the first step, an optimal dynamic hedge for the liability is set up, based on the assets traded in the market and a quadratic hedging objective, while in the second step, the remaining part of the claim is valuated via an actuarial valuation. Then, we extend this approach to a multi-period setting by backward iterations for a given discrete-time step $h$, and consider the continuous-time limit for $h\to 0$. We formally derive a partial differential equation for the valuation operator which satisfies the continuous-time limit of the multi-period, discrete-time iterations and prove that this valuation operator is actuarial and market-consistent. We show that our continuous-time fair valuation operator has a natural decomposition into the best estimate of the liability and a risk margin. The dynamic hedging strategy associated with the continuous-time fair valuation operator is also established. Finally, the valuation operator and the hedging strategy allow us to study the dynamics of the net asset value of the insurer.